Kartik Chandran

Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering, Columbia University
918 Seeley W. Mudd Building, 500 West 120 Street, New York, NY 10027
Phone: (212) 854 9027, Fax: (212) 854 7081
Email: kc2288@columbia.edu

 

EDUCATION

Ph. D. University of Connecticut, Environmental Engineering, 1999 
Advisor:  Dr. Barth F. Smets
Dissertation Title: Biokinetic Characterization of Ammonium and Nitrite Oxidation by a Mixed Nitrifying Culture using Extant Respirometry
GPA: 3.7/4.0 

B. S. (Honors) Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee (formerly University of Roorkee), Chemical Engineering, 1995 
GPA:
4.0/4.0

PROFESSIONAL AND RESEARCH POSITIONS

Columbia University in the City of New York

(September 2005 – to date)

Assistant Professor

 

Henry Krumb School of Mines,

Department of Earth and Environmental Engineering

Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

 (June 2004 – August 2005)

Research Associate

Via Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Metcalf and Eddy of New York, Inc.

 (September 2001 – May 2004)

Senior Technical Specialist

 

 

The University of Connecticut

 (March 1999 – August 2001)

Post-Doctoral Research Fellow

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

The University of Connecticut

 (August 1995 – February 1999)

Graduate Research Assistant

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI), India

(May 1994 - July 1994)

Engineering Intern

 

RESEARCH INTERESTS

·        Application of nanotechnology, bioinformatics and advanced modeling based techniques for characterization of complex microbial consortia, multi-level responses of bacteria to stress and stimuli,  microbial ecology of engineered biological waste and water treatment reactors, development and application of novel biokinetic estimation tools, elucidation of microbial biochemical degradation pathways , bioprocess modeling and parameter identification for complex biotransformations

HONORS AND AWARDS

·         Harry L. Kinsel Award for excellence in technical publications – Metcalf and Eddy.  Awarded for authorship of the top technical publication in Metcalf and Eddy worldwide (2002, 2003)

·         Platinum Award for Engineering Excellence - Implementation of SHARON in New York City– American Council of Engineering Companies (2004)

·         Diamond Award for Engineering Excellence - Application of biotechnology tools for froth control– American Council of Engineering Companies (2004)

·         National Environmental Achievement Award – Association of Metropolitan Sewerage Agencies (2003)

·         Diamond Award for Engineering Excellence - Dual phase digestion for froth control and sCOD production – American Council of Engineering Companies (2003)

·         University of Connecticut Research Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship (1999)

·         DC Rastogi Junior Year Topper Trust Scholarship  (1994 - 1995).  One annual award conferred upon the top junior  year student. 

·         Best Paper Award at INFLUX’ 94, - Annual IEEE All India Symposium  (1994)

·         Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee Merit Scholarship  (1991 - 1995).  Awarded to the top 8 students per discipline every semester. 

 PUBLICATIONS: PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES

1.       Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets. 2005 “Measurement of bulk heavy metal concentrations in a wastewater matrix via a novel sulfide precipitation assay”.  Water Environment Research, submitted.

2.       Chandran, K., Z. Hu and B. F. Smets. 2005 “Comparison of nitrification biokinetic parameter estimates in a continuously operated nitrifying bioreactor determined from substrate specific measurements and extant respirograms”.  Water Environment Research, submitted.

3.       Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets. 2005 “Biokinetic characterization of the acceleration phase in autotrophic ammonia oxidation”.  Biotechnology and Bioengineering, submitted

4.       Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets. 2005 “Optimizing experimental design to estimate ammonia and nitrite oxidation biokinetic parameters from batch respirograms”.  Water Research, In press.  

5.       Hu, Z., K. Chandran, D. Grasso and B. F. Smets. 2004. “Comparison of nitrification inhibition in batch and continuous flow reactors.” Water Research.  38:3949-3959

6.       Hu, Z., K. Chandran, D. Grasso and B. F. Smets. 2003. “Nitrification inhibition by ethylenediamine-based chelating agents.” Environmental Engineering Science, 20: 219-227.

7.       Hu, Z., K. Chandran, D. Grasso and B. F. Smets. 2003.  “Impact of metal sorption and internalization on nitrification inhibition.” Environmental Science and Technology.  37:728-734.

8.       Hu, Z., K. Chandran, D. Grasso and B. F. Smets. 2002.  “Effect of nickel and cadmium speciation on nitrification inhibition.” Environmental Science and Technology.  36:3074-3078.

9.       Hu, Z. K. Chandran, B. F. Smets and D. Grasso. 2002 “Evaluation of a rapid physico-chemical method for the determination of extant soluble COD”.  Water Research.  36(3) : 617-624 

10.    Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets. 2001 “Estimating autotrophic biomass yield coefficients from batch ammonia and nitrite oxidation respirograms”.  Water Research.  35(13): 3153-3156. 

11.    Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets. 2000 “Applicability of two-step models in estimating nitrification kinetics from batch respirograms under different relative dynamics of ammonia and nitrite oxidation”.  Biotechnology and Bioengineering.  70(1): 54-64.

12.    Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets. 2000. “Single-step nitrification models erroneously describe batch ammonia oxidation profiles when nitrite oxidation becomes rate limiting”.  Biotechnology and Bioengineering.  68(4): 396-406.

13.    Venkateswarlu, K., B. F. Smets, K. Chandran and J. C. Spain. 1998. “High affinity p-Nitrophenol oxidation by Bacillus sphaericus JS905”.  FEMS Microbiology Letters. 166: 115-120.

14.    Chandran, K., J. V. Accashian, and B. F. Smets. 1996. Discussion of “Li, K. Y. and Y. B. Zhang.1996. Oxygen transfer limitation of a respirometer.  Water Environment Research 68, 36-41”.  Water Environment Research 68 (6): 1084-1086.

 PUBLICATIONS: MONOGRAPHS and BOOK CHAPTERS

15.    Smets, B.F., J. Semon-Brown, R. Sharp, K. Chandran, Z. Hu and D. Grasso. 2003. “Inhibition of Biological Nitrogen Removal, Microbiology, Physical Chemistry and Process Engineering”.  Long Island Sound Studies Program, EPA Region I and Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection

16.    Smets, B. F., K. Chandran, and R. G. Riefler 2001. Biodegradation of Individual Organic Contaminants, p. Sec. 3-3-1. In S. E. Powers (ed.), AEESP Environmental Engineering Processes Laboratory Manual.
 

17.    Smets, B. F., K. Chandran, and R. G. Riefler 2001. Estimation of Biokinetic Parameters, p. Sec. 3-3-2. In S. E. Powers (ed.), AEESP Environmental Engineering Processes Laboratory Manual.

18.    Chandran, K. 1999. “Biokinetic Characterization of Ammonium and Nitrite Oxidation by a mixed Nitrifying Culture using Extant Respirometry”. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT.

 PUBLICATIONS: CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

19.    Chandran, K. , Z. Hu and B. F. Smets  2004 “.    Applicability of an Extant Batch Respirometric Assay in Describing Dynamics of Ammonia and Nitrite Oxidation in a Nitrifying Bioreactor”, IWA World Water Congress and Exhibition 2004.  Marrakech, Morocco.

20.    Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets 2004 “Biokinetic Characterization of the Acceleration Phase in Autotrophic Ammonia Oxidation”, 77th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2004.  New Orleans, LA.

21.    Chandran, K., R. Pape, N. Philip, B. Stinson, J. Anderson, L. Carrio, J. Sexton, V. Sapienza and K. Gopalakrishnan 2004 “Hybrid Step-Feed BNR Configuration for Enhanced Nutrient Removal at NYC WPCPs”, 77th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2004.  New Orleans, LA.

22.    Chandran, K., R. Pape, N. Philip, B. Stinson, J. Anderson, L. Carrio, J. Sexton, V. Sapienza and K. Gopalakrishnan 2004 “Impact of Biological Nitrogen Removal on Chlorination at New York City Water Pollution Control Plants”, 77th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2004.  New Orleans, LA.

23.    Chandran, K., R. Pape, B. Stinson, J. Anderson, L. Carrio, J. Sexton, V. Sapienza and K. Gopalakrishnan 2004 “Enhanced Step-Feed Biological Nitrogen Removal via Simultaneous Nitrification and Denitrification at New York City WPCPs”, 77th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2004.  New Orleans, LA.

24.    Pape, R., K. Chandran, B. Stinson, J. Anderson, L. Carrio, J. Sexton, V. Sapienza and K. Gopalakrishnan 2004 “Supplemental Methanol Optimization for Enhanced Performance and Kinetics in a Step-Feed BNR Reactor”, 77th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2004.  New Orleans, LA.

25.    Muller, K., K. Chandran, B. Cohen, and P. D. Smith 2004 “Sharing Resources: New York City's Alternative Strategy for Combined Water and Wastewater Treatment Solids Handling”, AWWA Annual Conference and Exposition, 2004.  Orlando, FL.

26.    Chandran, K., I. Ezenekwe, R. Pape, L. Carrio, K. Gopalakrishnan, J. Anderson and B. Stinson 2003.  “Optimization and implementation of froth control and prevention strategies at NYC WPCPs during BNR operation”, 76th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2003.  Los Angeles, CA.

27.    Chandran, K., 2003.  “Froth control and prevention strategies at for BNR at NYC WPCPs”, 35th Mid-Atlantic Industrial and Hazardous Waste Conference 2003.   Brooklyn Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, NY.  Invited presentation. 

28.    Ezenekwe, I., K. Chandran, L. Carrio, K. Gopalakrishnan, J. Anderson and B. Stinson 2002.  “A novel application of acid-phase digestion for concurrent sCOD recovery and filament destruction in froth”. 75th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2002.  Chicago, IL.

29.    Hu, Z., K. Chandran, D. Grasso and B. F. Smets. 2002.  “A comparative study of nitrification inhibition by heavy metals: the influence of metal exposure time on biological effect.” 8th Annual Industrial Waste Technical and Regulatory Conference, Atlantic City, NJ.

30.    Chandran, K., Hu, Z, Krach, W. and B. F. Smets 2002.  “Dynamics of genotypics, biokinetics and performance in a continuously operated nitrifying bioreactor”. 3rd IWA World Congress.  Melbourne, Australia.

31.    Chandran, K., Hu, Z, and B. F. Smets 2001.  “Optimal experimental design for estimating ammonia and nitrite oxidation biokinetics from batch respirograms”. 74th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2001.  Atlanta, GA.

32.    Hu, Z, Chandran, K., B. F. Smets and Grasso, D 2001.  “Evaluation of nitrification inhibition by heavy metals nickel and zinc”. 74th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 2001.  Atlanta, GA.

33.    Chandran, K., Hu, Z, and B. F. Smets 2001.  Optimal experimental design of batch respirometric assays for biokinetic estimation of ammonia and nitrite oxidation”. 2nd IWA World Congress.  Berlin, Germany.

34.    Smets, B. F. and K. Chandran 2001.  “Measuring activity of individual microbial guilds in the mixed substrate/mixed culture environment of wastewater treatment reactors”.  US-Egypt Workshop in Microbial Ecology.  Cairo, Egypt. 

35.    Hu, Z, Chandran, K., B. F. Smets and Grasso, D 2001.  “Effect of nickel on nitrifying enrichment cultures”. 32nd Mid-Atlantic Industrial and Hazardous Waste Conference, 2001.  Manhattan College, Riverdale, NY.

36.    Chandran, K., and B. F. Smets. 2000.  “Dynamics of biokinetics and performance in a nitrifying sequencing batch reactor”.  2nd International Water Association International Symposium on Sequencing Batch Reactor Technology.  Narbonne, France

37.    Hu, Z, K. Chandran,, Grasso, D and B. F. Smets 2000. “Evaluation of a rapid physical-chemical method for the determination of extant soluble COD in wastewater”.  32nd Mid-Atlantic Industrial and Hazardous Waste Conference, 2000.  Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY.

38.    Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets. 1999.  “Simultaneous estimation of the biokinetics of ammonium oxidation and nitrite oxidation from a single respirometric profile using a comprehensive two-step nitrification model”.  72nd Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, 1999.  New Orleans, LA. 

39.    Chandran, K. and B. F. Smets 1999. “Nitrification inhibition measurement using a rapid extant respirometric assay”.  31st Mid-Atlantic Industrial and Hazardous Waste Conference, 1999.  University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. 

 INVENTIONS

·         Developed a WindowsTM based parameter identification freeware, EXTPAR, for data acquisition, interpretation, parameter identifiability and optimal experimental design of aerobic biodegradation extant respirometric profiles. 

o        Software algorithms have been employed by research groups at the University of Connecticut, Danish Technical University, McMaster University, University of Cincinnati, Manhattan College and the City of Stamford, CT.

Funded RESEARCH projects

·         Inhibition of Biological Nitrogen Removal (BNR) At POTWs - A Critical Investigation of Microbiology, Physical Chemistry and Process Engineering at a New York BNR Facility.  Co-Principal Investigator with B. F. Smets (University of Connecticut) and R. R. Sharp (Manhattan College).  Long Island Sound Research Fund, Environmental Protection Agency Region I. $69,945; 03/15/2000 - 03/14/2001.

·         Development of Predictive Tools to Infer Inhibition of Biological Nitrogen Removal at POTWs via Long Term Bench Scale and Full Scale Monitoring.  Co-Principal Investigator with B. F. Smets (University of Connecticut).  Connecticut Institute of Water Resources and United States Geological Survey. $ 18,524; March 1, 2001 - February 28, 2002.

·         Familiar and knowledgeable with grant programs and proposals pertaining to funding bodies including the National Science Foundation, United States Environmental Protection Agency and the United States Geological Survey.

REVIEWER ACTIVITIES

·         Journals : Biotechnology and Bioengineering (2001 – to date), Water Research (2004 – to date), Water Environment Research (2003 – to date), Environmental Engineering Science (2003 – to date), Soil & Sediment Contamination: an International Journal (2003 – to date)

·         Proposals : Department of Homeland Security – Science and Technology Directorate, Water Environment Federation – Committee on Industrial Waste Treatment, Disposal and Management

o        Also indirectly reviewed grant proposals for the National Science Foundation - Bioengineering and Environmental Systems, Water Environment Research Foundation

 TEACHING EXPERIENCE

University Courses

·         Sole Instructor - Water Quality Engineering: (Undergraduate level course,).  Spring 2001.  University of Connecticut

o        Texts followed: Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment, R. L. Droste, John Wiley and Sons, 1997;  Physicochemical Processes for Water Quality Control, W. J. Weber, Wiley-Interscience, 1972; Biological Wastewater Treatment, Grady, et al., Marcel Dekker, 1999; Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry, 7 ed., Skoog et al., Saunders College Publishing,. 1996; Unit Operations in Chemical Engineering, 5 ed., McCabe et al., McGraw-Hill, 1985

o        Student feedback: Received higher than departmental average course evaluation ratings in (a) concepts learnt by students during the course and (b) instructor interest in students

·         Guest Lecturer - Environmental Engineering Microbiology: (Graduate and senior level undergraduate course).  Fall 2004.  Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. 

o        Topics: Application of molecular techniques for characterizing complex microbial consortia)

o        Texts followed: Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and Applications, B. E. Rittmann and P. L. McCarty, McGraw-Hill, 2001; Brock Biology of Microorganisms , Madigan, et al., 10 ed., Prentice-Hall, 2003. 

·         Guest Lecturer - Environmental Biochemical Processes: (Graduate level course).  Spring 2000, Spring 2001.  University of Connecticut.

o        Topics: Wastewater process simulation using BIOWIN®, biokinetics estimation and BNR fundamentals and reactor configurations

o        Texts followed: Biological Wastewater Treatment, Grady, et al., Marcel Dekker, 1999. 

·         Teaching Assistant - Environmental Processes Laboratory: (Graduate and senior level undergraduate course).  1997-1999.  University of Connecticut. 

o        Texts followed: •   Unit Operations and Processes in Environmental Engineering, Reynolds and Richards, 2 ed., PWS Publishing, 1996; Biological Wastewater Treatment, Grady, et al., Marcel Dekker, 1999.   

Workshops and short courses

·         “Kinetics based design and monitoring of BNR reactors”. 2003. Conducted workshops to introduce graduate and undergraduate students at Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute to reaction specific kinetic tools for designing and monitoring full-scale BNR reactors.

·         “Measuring Extant Nitrification Kinetics of Activated Sludge”. August 29, 2000, January 16, 2001. Conducted workshops to introduce the personnel at the Stamford Water Pollution Control Authority to a rapid biokinetic monitoring tool, developed at the University of Connecticut. 

·         Da Vinci Project.  An intensive 5-day residential short-course introducing engineering concepts to Connecticut math and science teachers.  August 6-11, 2000.  Demonstration of experiments describing particle removal for drinking water purification. 

Other teaching experience

·         “Process design of a novel technology for biologically treating anaerobic digestion centrate”. Metcalf and Eddy Environmental Engineering Senior Design Project.  Fall 2003, Spring 2004.  Technical liaison and instructor for Environmental Engineering students at the University of Connecticut, Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute and Smith College. 

Research Supervised

Doctor of Philosophy (Environmental Engineering)

·         Hu, Zhiqiang [B.S., M.S., Zhejiang Agricultural University, M.S. University of Connecticut], Nitrification Inhibition by Heavy Metals and Chelating Agents”, Co- Advisor.  Doctoral Dissertation, 2002.

PROFESSIONAL SERVICE

·         Technical Practice Committee (2003 – to date): Water Environment Federation

·         Session Chair: 35th Mid-Atlantic Industrial and Hazardous Waste Conference. (2003)  Brooklyn Polytechnic University, Brooklyn, NY.   

·         Co-Chair: Research Symposium: Molecular Techniques. 74th Annual Water Environment Federation Conference, (2001).  Atlanta, GA.

·         Speakers Panel: NEWEA Technical Specialty Seminar on Biological Nutrient Removal in New England. (2000)  University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. 

·         Session Chair: 31st Mid-Atlantic Industrial and Hazardous Waste Conference. (1999)  University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. 

 EXTERNAL CONSULTING PROJECTS

Noramco Inc., Wilmington, DE  (July ‘99-August ‘99) via Parsons Engineering Science, Canton, MA. 

·         Investigated and rejected the possibility of biologically treating toxic waste streams emanating from a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility, using bench-scale batch respirometry. 

IBM, Hopewell Jct., NY  (November '97 - December '97) via the University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. 

·         Examined and confirmed the feasibility of biologically treating tetra-methyl ammonium hydroxide in the existing wastewater treatment plant without the need for process modifications at the IBM manufacturing facility in Fishkill, NY. 

Hockanum Wastewater Facility, Manchester, CT (August '97 - December '97) via the University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT. 

·         Investigated the factors that limited complete nitrogen removal at the Hockanum wastewater facility. 

·         Proposed a remedial strategy to maximize nitrogen removal. Strategy currently under implementation to ensure long term compliance with Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection stipulation for the years 2004, 2009 and 2014. 

·         Final Report “Examination of causes that limit complete N removal and development of remedial alternatives to maximize N removal at Hockanum water pollution control facility”.  Submitted to the Hockanum Water Pollution Control Facility in January 1998. 

 PROFESSIONAL AFFILIATION

·         Water Environment Federation 

·         Association of Environmental Engineering Science Professors

·         American Society for Microbiology

·         New York Water Environment Association